2023, Cilt 10, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 078-086
Investigation of Nurses' Perceptions of Organizational Justice and Structural and Psychological Empowerment
Şenay ŞENER1, Ayşegül OKSAY ŞAHİN2
Keywords: Nursing, organizational justice, psychological empowerment, structural empowerment

Aim: The study examines nurses' perceptions of organizational justice and structural and psychological empowerment and their relationship.

Material and Methods: The study's sample, carried out as a descriptive and relation-seeking study, consisted of 271 nurses working in a public hospital. "Individual Introduction Form", "Perception of Organizational Justice Scale", "Structural Empowerment Scale" and "Psychological Empowerment Scale" were used in data collection. The study's data were evaluated with a number, percentage, mean, standard deviation, median, Cronbach's Alpha internal consistency coefficient, Mann Whitney U, Kruskal Wallis, and Spearman correlation analysis. The significance level for the results was taken as p<0.05.

Results: The mean organizational justice score of the nurses was 2.87±0.59, the mean score of structural empowerment was 2.88 ±0.67, and the mean score of psychological empowerment was 3.74±0.82. It was determined that the mean scores of organizational justice, procedural and interactional justice differed according to age, professional experience, and the unit of work, while the scores of perception of distributive justice and psychological empowerment differed statistically according to the unit they worked in (p<0.05). A significant relationship was found between the perception of organizational justice and its subdimensions and the perception of structural and psychological empowerment (p<0.05).

Conclusion: It was determined that the nurses' perceptions of justice and structural empowerment score averages were moderately positive, and their psychological empowerment score averages were above-moderately positive. A positive and moderate relationship was found between the perception of organizational justice and structural empowerment and a positive and weak relationship with psychological empowerment. It is understood that it is important for employees to be strengthened structurally in perceiving their organizations as fairer.