2023, Cilt 10, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 060-069
Validity and Reliability of the Work-Family Balance Scale among Turkish Academicians
Zehra GÖK METİN1, Edagül DURMAZ2, Esra AKI3
1Doç.Dr., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi İç Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
2Bil.Uzm., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, İş Sağlığı Programı, Ankara, Türkiye
3Prof.Dr., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Ergoterapi Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
Keywords: Academician, occupational health, scale, validity, work-family balance

Aim: The aim of this study is to adapt the Work-Family Balance Scale to Turkish and test its validity and reliability.

Material and Methods: This methodological study was conducted with 134 academicians. The data were collected through an online survey using the Academician Information Form and the Work-Family Balance Scale. The scale was finalized and back-translated following expert opinions. Confirmatory factor analysis was carried out for the construct validity, and content validity was performed. Test-retest and Cronbach alpha internal consistency coefficient was used for the reliability.

Results: The Cronbach's α coefficient of the scale was found as 0.89. The test-retest analysis of the study was conducted with 42 participants, and no significant difference was found between the test-retest reliability (t= 1.126, p=0.197). Pearson's correlation coefficient was also found (r=0.83, p<0.001). The content validity index was 0.94. According to factor analysis, the factor loads ranged from 0.64 to 0.87. The explained variance was found to be 68.70%, and the structure of the scale was one-dimensional and consistent with the original version. The model’s comparative fit indexes, χ2/SD (2.29) (<2), and GFI (0.95) (>0.90) were found between acceptable.

Conclusion: The scale was valid and reliable for Turkish academicians, and the results should be confirmed in different employee groups.