2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 207-215
Examining Nursing Students' Homophobic Attitudes, Empathic Skills, and Affecting Factors
Pınar ÇİÇEKOĞLU ÖZTÜRK1, Songül DURAN2
1Dr. Öğr. Üyesi, Muğla Sıtkı Koçman Üniversitesi, Fethiye Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Muğla, Türkiye
2Doç. Dr., İzmir Demokrasi Üniversitesi, Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Sağlık Bakım Hizmetleri Bölümü, İzmir, Türkiye
Keywords: Empathic skill, homophobia, influencing factors, nursing student

Aim: This study aims to examine the homophobic attitudes and empathy skill levels of nursing students and the influencing factors. Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with 545 students studying nursing departments at two universities between September 2018 and January 2019. The data were collected using a Descriptive Characteristics Information Form, Hudson & Ricketts Homophobia Scale, and the Empathic Skill Scale (Form B). Descriptive statistics (mean, standard deviation, number, percentage), student t-test, one-way analysis of variance, and Pearson correlation analysis were used to evaluate the data. Results: 71.4% of the students participating in the study were women, and the mean age was 20.02±1.47 years. It was determined that 51% of the students knew the concept of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT) correctly, and 60.6% of them perfectly explained the concept of homosexuality. The students’ Hudson & Ricketts Homophobia Scale total mean score was 98.44±23.19. It was determined that male students, students from the Eastern Anatolian region, and students who misunderstood the concept of LGBT had more homophobic attitudes (p<0.05). The students' Empathic Skills Scale-B Form total score average is 138.23±15.46. It was determined that the students who thought that the nursing approach they would offer to an LGBT patient and the nursing approach they would provide to a heterosexual patient were the same were more empathetic (p<0.05). Conclusion: It was concluded that nursing students, who are the health care providers of the future, have high homophobic attitudes, moderate empathic skills, and empathic skills do not affect homophobic attitudes.