2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 200-206
Validity and Reliability Study of the Turkish Version of the Social-Functional Autonomy Measurement System
Ayten KÜÇÜK1, Oya Nuran EMİROĞLU2
1Asst. Prof., Afyonkarahisar Health Sciences University, Atatürk Vocational School Of Health Services, Elder Care Program, Afyonkarahisar, Turkey
2Prof., Hacettepe University, Faculty of Nursing, Public Health Nursing Department, Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Autonomy, healthy aging, quality of life, social functions

Aim: Social functions are required to be at an optimum level to maintain and develop an individual’s health at all ages. This study aimed to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Social-Functional Autonomy Measurement System (Social-SMAF Scale) on elders.

Material and Methods: This methodological study was conducted to evaluate the validity and reliability of the Social-SMAF scale. The research was conducted with 92 nursing home residents living in three nursing homes in Afyonkarahisar.

Results: It was observed that the scale consisting of 6 items explained 70.186% of the total variance. It was found that the scale was collected under one dimension (factor), and its eigenvalue was 3.768. Sampling adequacy was checked for factor analysis to be applicable (Bartlett's Test=211.779; p<0.001 and KMO=0.770). The Cronbach Alpha coefficient for the internal consistency of the social autonomy scale was calculated as 0.80. In the confirmatory factor analysis of the scale, it was determined that it formed a suitable model that could be grouped under a single factor.

Conclusion: The “Social-SMAF” scale was valid and reliable in evaluating the social independence of elderly individuals living in Turkish society.