2022, Cilt 9, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 010-016
Physical Activity Levels, Perceived Exercise Benefits and Barriers of Hemodialysis Patients and Related Factors
Birgül VURAL DOĞRU1, Kadriye SAYIN KASAR2
1Dr. Öğr. Üyesi, Mersin Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, İç Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Mersin, Türkiye
2Dr. Öğr. Üyesi, Aksaray Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, İç Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Aksaray, Türkiye
Keywords: Barrier, benefit, hemodialysis, nursing, physical activity level

Aim: The study aims to determine the physical activity levels, perceived exercise benefits and barriers, and related factors in hemodialysis patients.

Material and Methods: The sample of this relational study consisted of 101 patients who received treatment in dialysis units of two institutions in Central Anatolia and the Mediterranean region between October and December 2019.

Results: The mean score of the Exercise Benefits and Barriers scale was 62.47±10.60. While the most common perceived exercise benefits were preventing muscle atrophy and improving quality of life, the most common exercise barrier was exercise may cause thirst and fatigue. There was a weak positive correlation between the physical activity levels of the patients and the Exercise Benefits and Barriers Scale sub-dimensions and the total score (r=0.415, 0.404, 0.487, respectively; p <0.001). There was a weak negative correlation between the age of the patients and the Perceived Exercise Benefits sub-dimension (r=-0.368, p<0.001), and a moderate negative correlation between the Exercise Barriers sub-dimension and the total scale score (r=0-.529, p<0.001; r=-0.536, p<0.001). There was a weak negative correlation between body mass index, Exercise Barriers and Benefits sub-dimension and total scale score (r=-0.248, p=0.013; r=-0.284, p=0.004; r=-0.301, p=0.002, respectively).

Conclusion: It has been determined that the physical activity levels of chronic kidney patients receiving hemodialysis treatment are not sufficient to maintain health. Patients' perceived exercise benefits are higher than exercise barriers. Increasing the physical activity levels according to the patients' tolerance and developing individual-specific interventions to overcome the obstacles perceived in exercise are recommended.