2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 245-251
Cultural Marginality Theory and Its Use in Nursing
Emel GÜVEN
Arş. Gör., Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Samsun, Türkiye
Keywords: Culture, marginality, nursing, theory

With the development of transportation and communication technology, an increase in cultural diversity occurs. The resulting cultural differences affect the quality of care nurses provide to patients with different cultural backgrounds. Heeseung Choi developed the Cultural Marginality Theory to provide a better understanding of the unique experiences of individuals with different cultures and to guide culture-specific care. In the development of the theory, besides the qualitative studies of Choi with immigrants, Culturalization, Cultural Stress, and Marginality Theories have also contributed. While recognizing intercultural conflict, marginal life, and alleviating cultural tension constitute the three basic concepts of the theory, one dimension of the theory is contextual/personal effects. With the recognition of intercultural conflict, marginal life begins. As people encounter marginal life, they try to alleviate cultural tension through adaptation response patterns. Understanding the relationship between the concepts of theory will provide a framework for nurses in providing culture-specific care for migrants. Other uses of the theory include health promotion programs, assessment of culture-specific eating disorders, health inequalities, and cultural therapeutic nurse-patient interaction. The aim of this article is to explain the development of the theory, its concepts, the interrelationships of the concepts, and the use of the theory in nursing.