2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 213-222
The Effect of Internal Migration on the General and Reproductive Health Status of Women Migrating to Aydın Province
Hilmiye AKSU1, Hande YAĞCAN2, Safiye ÖZVURMAZ3, Mevlüt TÜRE4
1Prof. Dr., Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Doğum-Kadın Sağlığı ve Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Aydın, Türkiye
2Dr. Öğretim Üyesi, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Doğum ve Kadın Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, İzmir, Türkiye
3Doç. Dr., Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Halk Sağlığı Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Aydın, Türkiye
4Prof. Dr., Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Tıp Fakültesi, Temel Tıp Bilimleri Bölümü, Biyoistatik Anabilim Dalı, Aydın, Türkiye
Keywords: Immigration, reproductive health, women’s health

Aim: This study aims to determine the general and reproductive health status of women of reproductive age who migrated to Aydın Province and the factors affecting them.

Material and Methods: The data of this analytical and descriptive study were collected using “General Health Questionnaire” and “Immigrant Women's General and Reproductive Health Status Questionnaire” from 331 women who applied to Family Health Centers of Aydın Province.

Results: Although 71.3% of the immigrant women stated that they were very satisfied with immigration, the migration negatively affected the economic situation of 14.5% of them. The general health status of 26.9% of the women was found to be risky. The average number of pregnancies, abortions, curettage, and stillbirths of the risky women is higher than the healthy group, and the average age of the first pregnancy, the number of living children, and live births are lower. The mean age of the women at risk was found to be younger (U: 8849.0, p <0.01) and the duration of living in the migrated place was longer than the healthy group (U: 9093.5, p <0.02). The general health status of women was affected by their marriage consent status (X2=10.032; p<0.00).

Conclusion: The obstetric findings of risky women were in worse condition, and these findings worsened in direct proportion with the increase in the time spent in the migrated place. Health problems experienced by women include menstrual cycle disorder and mental distress. Immigrant women should be educated about family planning methods, pregnancy, general health scans, and provided psychological support.