2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 203-212
Physiological and Psychological Effects of Music Application on Intensive Care Patients: A Systematic Review
Yasemin SAZAK1, Keriman AYTEKİN KANADLI2, Nermin OLGUN3
1Öğr. Gör., Kahramanmaraş İstiklal Üniversitesi Elbistan Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Kahramanmaraş, Türkiye
2Öğr. Gör., Mustafa Kemal Üniversitesi Sağlık Uygulama ve Araştırma Hastanesi Uygulamalı Birim, Hatay, Türkiye
3Prof. Dr.,Hasan Kalyoncu Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Gaziantep, Türkiye
Keywords: Care, intensive care units, music, music therapy, nursing

Aim: This systematic review aimed to determine the physiological and psychological effects of music application on intensive care patients.

Material and Methods: A literature search was conducted using the terms “intensive care units”, “music therapy”, “music”, and “critical care” on CINAHL, Pubmed, Medline, Ovid, Web of Science, Complementary Index, Science Direct, Academic Search Complete, Scopus, ULAKBİM National Databases and Google Scholar databases in Turkish and English among studies which were carried out between January 1, 2014 and September 25, 2019. As a result of the search, 12 studies were included in the study.

Results: It was found that the application of music had a positive effect in 85.7% of studies evaluating systolic blood pressure, 57.1% of studies evaluating diastolic blood pressure, 33.3% of studies evaluating mean arterial pressure, 70% of studies evaluating pulse rate, 66.7% of studies evaluating respiratory rate, 55.5% of studies evaluating oxygen saturation, 87.5% of studies evaluating anxiety level, 85.7% of studies evaluating pain. Music has also been found to have positive effects on patients' comfort level, sedation level, dyspnea status, weaning time, subjective sleep quality, and serum cortisone levels.

Conclusion: It was determined that music application has positive effects on the vital signs, anxiety, sedation, pain, sleep quality, and comfort levels of intensive care patients.