2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 178-185
Nonpharmacological Interventions towards the Sleep Problems in the Elderly: A Systematic Review
Gülfidan BAŞER1, Filiz HİSAR2
1Öğr. Gör., KTO Karatay Üniversitesi Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Tıbbi Hizmetler ve Teknikler Bölümü, Konya, Türkiye
2Prof. Dr., Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü Halk Sağlığı Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Konya, Türkiye
Keywords: Elderly, evidence-based practice, nonpharmacological intervention, sleep

Aim: This study aims to perform a systematic review of the randomized controlled studies conducted on nonpharmacological interventions to relieve sleep problems in the elderly.

Material and Methods: Google Scholar, Wiley, Web of Science, Springer Link, Scopus, Science Direct, Clinical Key, CINAHL, PubMed, National Thesis Center (https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/), Dergipark and Ulakbim databases were searched between April and June 2019. Randomized controlled trials, published between January 2014 and May 2019, reporting nonpharmacological methods used for sleep problems in the elderly were included in the systematic review.

Results: As a result of the database search, six studies were used for data collection. In the studies reviewed, the common methods used for the sleep-related problems in the elderly include cognitive behavioral therapy, music therapy, reminiscence therapy, phytotherapy (chamomile extract), acupressure, reflexology, and foot bath.

Conclusion: As a result, no side effects of the methods applied were reported in the studies included in this systematic review. All of the methods used seem to have improvements in sleep quality. Although these methods are easily used to solve sleep problems, there is a need to repeat these studies and provide stronger evidence.