2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 151-159
Health Literacy Level in Individuals Registered to a Family Health Center and Related Factors
Ayşegül ILGAZ
Dr. Öğr. Üyesi, Akdeniz Üniversitesi, Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Halk Sağlığı Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Antalya, Türkiye
Keywords: Health attitude, health knowledge, health literacy, health promotion

Aim: This study was carried out to determine the level of health literacy of individuals registered in a Family Health Center and related factors.

Material and Methods: This descriptive-relationship-seeking design study was conducted with 320 participants applied to a Family Health Center. Data were collected with personal information form and Turkey Health Literacy Scale-32.

Results: 33.8% of participants are inadequate, 42.2% are at the level of problematic/limited health literacy. 58.7% of the participants in the treatment and service dimension of Turkey Health Literacy Scale-32 and 90.0% in the disease prevention/health promotion dimension were at poor and limited/problematic health literacy level. The health literacy level of those with older age, female gender, primary education and below, unemployed, a high number of children (3 and above), those with poor health perception or not bad, those living mostly villages/towns were found to be significantly lower (p<.05). In the logistic regression analysis, the health literacy level of those with primary education and below was found to be 7.4 times lower, those with the female gender was 5.9 times lower, and those with a high number of children was 3.5 times lower (p<.05).

Conclusion: Health literacy levels of participants are inadequate; multidisciplinary team interventions are needed to increase this level.