2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 134-143
360° Assessment in Clinical Training of Nursing and Medical Students: A Scoping Review
Çiğdem BAYZAT1, Şenay SARMASOĞLU KILIKÇIER2
1Arş. Gör. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Hemşirelik Esasları Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
2Dr. Öğr. Üyesi Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Hemşirelik Esasları Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
Keywords: 360-degree assessment, clinical training, medical student, multisource assessment, nursing student

Aim: This study aims to comprehensively examine the use of 360° assessment in clinical training of nursing and medical students.

Material and Methods: In order to examine the studies in which the clinical training of nursing and medical students was assessed 360°, Academic Search Complete, MEDLINE, Complementary Index, Science Citation Index, Social Sciences Citation Index, ScienceDirect, Journals@OVID, Scopus®, ERIC, and ULAKBIM databases were searched. As a result of the search made with the keywords determined for the articles published in English and Turkish between 1999-2019, 1110 studies were found. Twenty-three studies meeting the study criteria were examined.

Results: Seven of the studies reviewed (%30.4) belong to the last five years. Twelve of the studies (%52.1) have a descriptive research design; twenty-one of them (%91.2) were carried out in the field of medical education. It was determined that communication skills (%65.2) were assessed most with 360° assessment, and nurses took part as assessors in twenty-two studies (%95.6).

Conclusion: Most of the studies are descriptive and directed to the assessment of residents. Nurses took part as assessors in almost all of the studies. The 360 ° assessment has mostly been used for the evaluation of non-technical skills in clinical training.