2006, Cilt 13, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 032-042
Study on Validity and Reliability of A Turkish Version of the Parental Stress Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
Türkan TURAN1, Zümrüt BAŞBAKKAL2
1Pamukkale University, School of Nursing
2Ege University, School of Nursing,
Keywords: Parents, stress, neonatal intensive care unit, validity and reliability

Parents perceive stressful the hospitalization of their children to the Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). It is important to measure the level of stress and their reactions to that stress in order to provide nursing interventions to help parents continue to function during this stressful time.

This research is planned to translate the Parental Stressor Scale: Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (PSS:NICU) into Turkish and to determine psychometric measures for the Turkish version. The research sample included a total of 123 individuals who were the mothers and fathers (who could be reached) of premature infants receiving care in one of the 4 hospitals' NICUs in Denizli who met the research criteria and agreed to participate in the research. The internal consistency Cronbach Alpha coefficient was found to be 0.89 for the total scale and 0.90 for the two metrics. Using a sample comprised of 19 mothers the test-retest reliability for the PSS: NICU scale's subscales was between 0.44-0.60.

According to the research results it was determined that the tool can be easily used to determine the level of stress of parents of premature infants in an NICU.