2021, Cilt 8, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 022-028
Opinions and Levels of Awareness of Teachers about Child Abuse and Neglect
Nurgül KARAKURT1, Hatice DURMAZ2, Ayla KANBUR3
1Dr. Öğretim Üyesi, Erzurum Teknik Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Psikiyatri Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Erzurum, Türkiye
2Dr. Öğretim Üyesi, Atatürk Üniversitesi, Hemşirelik Fakültesi Psikiyatri Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Erzurum, Türkiye
3Doç. Dr., Atatürk Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Ebelik Bölümü, Erzurum, Türkiye
Keywords: Awareness, child abuse, child neglect

Aim: The aim of the research is to determine the opinions and levels of awareness of teachers about child abuse and neglect.

Material and Methods: The population of this descriptive study consisted of all teachers working in 26 schools affiliated to the National Education Directorate in Erzurum Palandöken District, and the sample consisted of 494 teachers who agreed to participate in the study. The study data were collected by visiting schools at the beginning of the 2018-2019 academic year. A questionnaire with 63 questions was used to collect the data.

Results: It was found that 37 out of 494 teachers encountered abuse cases. Teachers' mean score in awareness about the risk factors of child abuse was 49.59±22.07. When the teachers' awareness about child abuse symptoms were evaluated, the mean score in emotional abuse was 62.09±32.11, the physical abuse was 72.57±32.22, and the sexual abuse was found to be 62.68±34.07. The rate of teachers who considered themselves adequate about physical abuse was 82%, emotional abuse was 72.1%, and sexual abuse was 70.2%.

Conclusion: It was concluded that teachers had a moderate level (49.59±22.07) of awareness about the risk factors for child abuse and neglect and considered themselves adequate, mostly about recognition of physical abuse. In line with the results, it may be suggested to include the subject in in-service training for teachers and organize periodic training programs in all educational institutions.