2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 249-261
Evaluation of the Health Beliefs of Women towards Early Diagnosis of Breast and Cervical Cancer
Hülya KULAKÇI ALTINTAŞ1, Gülbahar KORKMAZ ASLAN2
1Doç. Dr., Zonguldak Bülent Ecevit Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Hemşirelik Bölümü, Zonguldak, Türkiye
2Dr. Öğr. Üyesi, Pamukkale Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Hemşirelik Bölümü, Denizli, Türkiye
Keywords: Breast cancer, cervical cancer, health belief, woman

Aim: This study was carried out to evaluate health beliefs of women about early diagnosis of breast and cervical cancer.

Material and Methods: The sample of this descriptive study consisted of 500 women who applied to four Family Health Centers in Zonguldak city center. A questionnaire form, Champion Health Belief Model Scale and Attitude Scale for Early Diagnosis of Cervical Cancer were used for data collection. Number and percentage, Mann Whitney-U test, Kruskal-Wallis test and Mann-Whitney U test with Bonferroni correction were used for data analysis.

Results: It was determined that women's perceptions of seriousness, health motivation, benefit, and self-efficacy towards the early diagnosis of breast cancer were at a moderate level and their perceptions of susceptibility and barrier were at a low level. Moreover, seriousness, barrier, and overall perceptions of women for early diagnosis of cervical cancer were found to be at a moderate level and their susceptibility and benefit perceptions were detected to be at a low level.

Conclusion: It is important to evaluate the health beliefs of women and the factors affecting their health beliefs in gaining early diagnosis behaviors for breast and cervical cancer.