2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 206-214
The Use of Physical Examination Skills by Nurses and Nursing Students: A Comparative Study
Nurcan ÇALIŞKAN1, Nevin DOĞAN2, Banu CİHAN ERDOĞAN3, Nefise Cevriye SUCU ÇAKMAK4, Atike Nilay KUBLASHVILI5, Gülcan EYÜBOĞLU6, Evrim EYİKARA7
1Doç. Dr., Gazi Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Esasları Anabilim Dalı , Türkiye
2Arş.Gör., Gazi Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Esasları Anabilim Dalı, Türkiye
3Hemşire, Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Dışkapı Yıldırım Beyazıt Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Türkiye
4Öğr. Gör., Çankırı Karatekin Üniversitesi, Eldivan Sağlık Hizmetleri Meslek Yüksekokulu, Türkiye
5Doktora Öğrencisi, Gazi Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Türkiye
6Arş.Gör., Gazi Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Esasları Anabilim Dalı, Türkiye
7Arş.Gör., Gazi Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Esasları Anabilim Dalı, Türkiye
Keywords: Nursing, nursing student, physical examination

Aim: This descriptive-comparative research was conducted to determine the use of physical examination skills by nurses and nursing students.

Material and Methods: This study was conducted with nurses (n=148) working in the inpatient services of two university hospitals and senior nursing students (n=381) studying at two universities in Ankara and Siirt. The data were collected between January and June 2018 by using "Demographic Characteristics Form" and "Physical Examination Skill Form" developed by the researchers.

Results: Although 81.8% of the nurses knew about physical examination skills, 61.5% of them used these skills and 68.5% of the students took a course on physical examination. 98% of the nurses stated the intensive workload as the biggest barrier in applying physical examination skills and 76.1% of the students stated the lack of support from the instructors. Students who took a course on physical examination skills, nurses with 0-9 years of clinical experience, and nurses working in the internal/surgical intensive care unit were found to use physical examination skills statistically higher (p<0.05). It was determined that the most frequently used method by the nurses was inspection (p<0.05).

Conclusion: It has been concluded that most of the nurses and students know the physical assessment methods but do not use them widely in practice. In order for physical assessment skills to be used more widely, it is recommended that the physical assessment course be compulsory in the nursing curriculum, instructors provide more support for students to use these skills, reduce the workload of nurses, and include physical assessment methods in in-service training.