2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 180-185
Social and Cultural Factors Affecting Premenstrual Syndrome Experience in Women
Safiye ÖZKAN1, Gülten KOÇ2
1Dr. Öğr. Üyesi. Amasya Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Ebelik Bölümü, Amasya, Türkiye
2Doç. Dr. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Doğum ve Kadın Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Ankara, Türkiye
Keywords: Gender role, premenstrual syndrome, sexual orientation, violence

Premenstrual syndrome is a common health problem for women. Premenstrual syndrome is a clinical condition that occurs during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle, and which spontaneously diminishes a few days after the onset of menstruation, including some physical, psychological and behavioral symptoms. Psychobehavioral and social factors play a role in the development of premenstrual syndrome as well as physiological factors related to interactions between gonodal steroid hormone and central nervous system neurotransmitters. Besides, significant changes in the prevalence of premenstrual syndrome in studies conducted in different countries of the world are explained by the fact that premenstrual syndrome is affected by some social and cultural characteristics of societies. This review is prepared for intention to debate current information on social and cultural factors affecting the premenstrual syndrome in women. These factors affecting premenstrual syndrome are covered under three headings: the effect of gender roles and attitudes, relationship structure in different sexual orientations and violence on women's premenstrual syndrome experiences. It is thought that this review will contribute to know the nurses that the relevant social and cultural factors are effective in the development of premenstrual syndrome, and to the planning of interventions to reduce or eliminate symptoms by evaluating patients in terms of these risk factors.