2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 149-160
The Effect of the Motivational Interviewing on the Lifestyle, Body Mass Index, Blood Pressure, Self-Efficacy Perception and Medication Adherence of Hypertensive Individuals
Funda ÖZPULAT1, Oya Nuran EMİROĞLU2
1PhD. Selcuk University Aksehir Kadir Yallagoz School of Health Department of Community Health Nursing Konya, Turkey
2Professor Hacettepe University Faculty of Nursing Department of Community Health Nursing Ankara, Turkey
Keywords: Hypertensive individuals, lifestyle, medication adherence, motivational interviewing, self-efficacy

Aim: This study aims to analyze the effect of motivational interviewing on the lifestyle, blood pressure, body mass index, self-efficacy perception, and medication adherence of hypertensive individuals.

Material and Methods: This study was conducted with hypertensive individuals between the ages of 25 and 45 registered in seven Family Health Centers in Akşehir, Konya. Inclusion in the present study was voluntary, and 80 people who agreed to participate were randomized into two groups as experimental and control groups. However, the present study was completed with 75 participants. Both groups were administered the pre-test, then the experimental group was visited for a total of 5 times: four visits at three-week intervals and one visit after one month. In each visit, a 30 to 45 minute individual motivational interviewing was carried out. The study was completed by administering the last-test to both groups. The study was conducted between February 6 and June 24, 2014, and the data were analyzed using the SPSS 17.0 package.

Results: Statistically significant differences were found between the pre-test and last-test scores of the experimental group in terms of Blood Pressure, Body Mass Index, the Medication Adherence Self-Efficacy Scale, and the General Self-Efficacy Scale.

Conclusion: Motivational interviewing can be used in ensuring healthy nutrition and regulation of exercise level and blood pressure of hypertensive individuals, and in increasing their self-efficacy and treatment adherence.