2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 130-137
Investigation of the Relationship Between Emotional Labor and General Health Status of Intensive Care Nurses
1Dr. Öğr. Üyesi, Süleyman Demirel Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Bölümü, Cerrahi Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Isparta, Türkiye
2Dr. Öğr. Üyesi, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Cerrahi Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, İzmir, Türkiye
Keywords: Emotional labor, health, intensive care units, nurse

Aim: This study was conducted to investigate general health, socio-demographic characteristics and some profession-related characteristics in intensive care nurses as a predictor of emotional labor.

Material and Methods: This study is a cross-sectional and relational study. The study was carried out in two university hospitals located in the west and southeast of Turkey between July and December 2018. The sample of the study consisted of a total of 152 intensive care nurses working in intensive care units. Permissions for the study were obtained from the ethics committee and the university hospitals. Data were analysed with number, percentage, mean, correlation and regression analysis.

Results: It was determined that the average age of intensive care nurses was 30.28±5.35, 68.4% were women, 53.3% loved their profession at a “moderate level” and the average number of patients who were responsible/cared for was 5.05 (± 2.95). When the in-depth behavior sub-dimension was examined in nurses, it was found that the state of liking the profession (Yes) (β=0.185, p<0.05) was a significant predictor. When the superficial behavior sub-dimension was examined, it was determined that the state of liking the profession (Yes) (β=0.298, p<0.001) and the perception of economic status (β=0.211, p<0.05) were significant predictors.

Conclusion: In the study, it was determined that general state of health was not a significant predictor of emotional labor in intensive care nurses. It was found that as the nurses’ level of liking the profession increased, “in-depth and superficial behavior”, which are the sub-dimensions of emotional labor, increased. Institution managers should provide support and create an appropriate clinical environment for nurses to manage the process of emotional labor better. In addition, it is recommended that necessary strategies be developed for nurses to love their professions.