2020, Cilt 7, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 073-077
Pain, Anxiety, Depression Cycle and the Role of Nurses in Lumbar Disc Herniation
Arzu TAT ÇATAL1, Fatma CEBECİ2
1Araş. Gör. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Akdeniz Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, 07058, Antalya, Türkiye
2Doç. Dr. Akdeniz Üniversitesi Akdeniz Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, 07058, Antalya, Türkiye
Keywords: Anxiety, depression, lumbar disk herniation, nurse, pain

The incidence of low back pain in society is increasing and lumbar disc hernia is one of the most important causes of low back pain. Anxiety and depression rates are increasing among the individuals whose quality of life is negatively affected due to pain. Depression increases pain perception and pain-related dysfunctions, while anxiety reduces pain tolerance. Pain, anxiety and depression cause individuals to have difficulty in daily activities and inadequate evaluations and treatments leads to worsening of the disease course, increasing health care costs and reducing quality of life. Appropriate assessment of individuals with lumbar disc herniation in terms of pain, anxiety and depression is very important for preoperative, intraoperative and postoperative care and rehabilitation of patients. The fact that nurses have the opportunity to observe the patient more closely and for a long time makes them have a unique position in the detection and solution of patient problems. It is important that nurses, who play an active role in the care of the patient and are responsible for uninterrupted care, recognize, prevent and evaluate the symptoms of pain, anxiety and depression and direct the patients to treatment when necessary. The aim of this review is to present the nursing functions for preventing the cycle of pain, anxiety and depression in patients with lumbar disc herniation before and after the surgery.