2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 171-178
The Comparison of the Quality of Sleep, Stress, Well-being and Reaction Time Among Health Care Professionals with Shift and Day Workers
Gonca BUMİN1, İbrahim Yavuz TATLI2, Mustafa CEMALİ3, Sevgi KARA4, Gökçen AKYÜREK5
1Prof. Dr., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Ergoterapi Bölümü, Samanpazarı, Ankara, Türkiye
2Uzm. Erg., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Ergoterapi Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
3Fzt., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Ergoterapi Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
4Uzm. Fzt., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Ergoterapi Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
5Dr. Fzt., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Ergoterapi Bölümü, Ankara, Türkiye
Keywords: Nurses, response time, shift-work sleep disorder, sleep deprivation, stress

Aim: This study was conducted to compare sleep quality, reaction rate, stress and well-being of health workers that working daily and night shifts.

Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted to 77 volunteer, health care professional (doctors, nurses, health technician) working in five different state and university hospital and working in different shifts. Participants are divided into two groups as shift workers and day or night workers. Research data were collected by using Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, Psychological Well-Being Scale, Perceived Stress Scale and android applications located Human Benchmark Reaction Rate Scale was applied to all groups.

Results: In this study, sleep quality, reaction rate, perceived stress levels and psychological well-being scores were compared between these two groups. According to this, there was a statistically significant difference between the two groups in terms of sleep quality scores and reaction rate periods; It was shown that this difference was due to the fact that the sleep quality and reaction speed averages of the night-shift workers were higher than the daytime workers (p<0.05). However, no statistically significant difference was found between groups in terms of perceived stress levels and psychological well-being (p˃0.05).

Conclusion: The results show that it is important to ensure that the measures aimed at improving the quality of sleep that directly affect the health and well-being of employees working in institutions that affect human life are both by institution and by law.