2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 150-158
Turkish Version of the Brief Aging Perceptions Questionnaire (B-APQ): Validity and Reliability Study
Bilge BAL ÖZKAPTAN1, Sevgisun KAPUCU2, İmatullah AKYAR3
1Dr. Öğr. Üyesi, Sinop Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksekokulu Hemşirelik Bölümü Sinop, Türkiye
2Prof. Dr., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi İç Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı Ankara, Türkiye
3Doç. Dr., Hacettepe Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi İç Hastalıkları Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı Ankara, Türkiye
Keywords: Aged, questionnaire, self-perceptions, validity and reliability

Aim: The aim of this study was to perform validity and reliability examination of the Turkish version of the Brief Aging Perceptions Questionnaire: B-APQ.

Material and Methods: This study was conducted as a methodological study with 170 community-dwelling older adults residing in urban area of Sinop. “Individual Information Form” and “Brief Aging Perceptions Questionnaire” were used for data collection. In the first phase of the study, language and content validity was tested and, in the second phase of the study, reliability analyzes were conducted.

Results: The mean age of the participants was 71.5±7.42 years, and the majority of them was male (69.4%). The content validity ratio and content validity index (CVI) of the form items evaluated by five experts were calculated as 1.0. As a result of confirmatory factor analysis, 17th item was removed, and the final scale consisted of 16 items. According to the confirmatory factor analysis, 𝜒2/𝑠𝑑 was calculated as lower than 3, comparative fit index (CFI) was 1.00, Goodness of fit index (GFI) was 0.96 and Normed fit index (NFI) was 0.94. The Cronbach’s alpha value was found as 0.63, and four subscales as follows: timeline-chronic 0.94, consequences positive 0.80, control positive 0.92, consequences and control negative 0.77, and emotional representations 0.37.

Conclusion: The study results showed that the Turkish version of the B-APQ is a valid and reliable tool. It can be used in the studies that evaluate the aging perceptions elderly people.