2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 3, Sayfa(lar) 142-149
The Reasons for Not Reporting Medical Errors of Nurses
Hilal Hatice ÜLKÜ1, Gülengün TÜRK2
1Öğr. Gör. Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Buharkent Meslek Yüksekokulu, Çocuk Bakımı ve Gençlik Hizmetleri Bölümü, Aydın, Türkiye
2Doç. Dr. Aydın Adnan Menderes Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi, Hemşirelik Esasları Anabilim Dalı, Aydın, Türkiye
Keywords: Medical error, nurse, reporting

Aim: The purpose of this study was to determine the reasons why nurses did not report medical errors.

Material and Methods: This descriptive study was conducted with 171 nurses working at a university hospital. The data were collected by using a questionnaire, consisting of 21-items on the reasons of not reporting medical error. Descriptive statistical methods and chi-square test were used to analyze the data.

Results: The average age of the nurses in the study was 27.52 ± 6.9, 89.9% were women and 45.9% had bachelor’s degree. 81.8% of nurses stated that they encountered medical errors, most of which were drugs (66.2%) and registration errors (51.4%), and 66.1% reported that they reported errors. The reason for not reporting medical errors of nurses was mainly because they believe that the nurses will be blamed if the patient has a negative situation (72.97%). A statistically significant difference was found between the idea of dismissal when the nurses reported an error and the year of work. When reporting errors, there was a statistically significant difference between getting negative reactions from physicians, getting penalty from hospital management, and thoughts that there are too many error reporting forms (p<0.05).

Conclusion: It was concluded that more than half of the nurses reported medical errors; they did not report medical errors with the intention of being accused, being prosecuted, receiving negative reactions from patients, relatives and physicians, and being punished by the hospital management.