2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 075-082
Physical Activity and Obesity Levels of Visually Impaired Children
Sümeyra Esra PINARBAŞI1, Filiz HİSAR2
1Sümeyra Esra Pınarbaşı Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Hemşirelik Bölümü Halk Sağlığı Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Konya, Türkiye
2Prof. Dr. Filiz Hisar Necmettin Erbakan Üniversitesi Hemşirelik Fakültesi Hemşirelik Bölümü Halk Sağlığı Hemşireliği Anabilim Dalı, Konya, Türkiye
Keywords: Nursing, obesity, physical activity, visually impaired

Aim: This study was conducted to determine the physical activity and obesity status of visually impaired students.

Material and Methods: The universe of this descriptive study was consisted of the visually impaired primary and secondary school students who received education in 2015-2016 academic calendar in Ankara. The entire universe, 151 people in total, were targeted to reach, but, due to some reasons such as absenteeism, health problems, failure to get family’s permission, not being volunteer for the study; only 134 persons were provided to fill out questionnaire and screening form. Number, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Chi-square test and Spearman correlation analysis were used in the analysis of the data.

Results: The average age of the visually impaired students was determined as 10.72 ± 2.53, and the prevalence of obesity as 23.9%. The obesity rate was 25% in boys and 22.2% in girls. It was determined that obesity was more common among the students whose mothers were housewives, whose families had low income and consumed fast food. A positive correlation was determined between the ages of the children and obesity. While the obesity rate was 15% for those who went to a sports club, it was 27.7% for those who did not.

Conclusion: The prevalence of obesity in children with disabilities was higher than healthy children. The obesity rate was lower in children who spend time on physical activity. Visually impaired children, their families and teachers should be informed about the importance of obesity and physical activity and measures should be taken to reduce obesity rates.