2019, Cilt 6, Sayı 1, Sayfa(lar) 028-035
The Relationship Between Depression and Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy In The First Month of Postpartum
Semiha Aydın Özkan1, Ayşe Merve Bozkurt2, Büşra Korkmaz3, Gizem Yılmaz4, Didem Şimşek Küçükkelepce5
1Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksekokulu Ebelik Bölümü, Adıyaman, Türkiye
2Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksekokulu Ebelik Bölümü, Adıyaman, Türkiye
3Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksekokulu Ebelik Bölümü, Adıyaman, Türkiye
4Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksekokulu Ebelik Bölümü, Adıyaman, Türkiye
5Adıyaman Üniversitesi Sağlık Yüksekokulu Ebelik Bölümü, Adıyaman, Türkiye
Keywords: Birth, breastfeeding, depression, postpartum period

Aim: This study aims to identify the relationship between depression and breastfeeding self-efficacy in the first month of postpartum in women who had vaginal delivery.

Material and Methods: This study is descriptive and correlational type study. The study sample consisted of 218 women who applied to the FHC for the first month follow up visit after birth and newborn vaccination, who were aged over 18, who did not have a psychiatric disease before and during pregnancy, and who had vaginal delivery. Data were collected through the Socio-demographic Form developed by the researcher, Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), and Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale (BSES). The questionnaires were administered via face-to-face interviews. Analysis of the data was performed using ANOVA and t-test in independent groups and Pearson correlation test was used to determine the relationship between postpartum depression and breastfeeding self-efficacy.

Results: Average age of the women who accepted to participate in the study was 27.38±4.49. Breastfeeding Self-efficacy mean score was 47.80±6.62 (min=33, max=62) and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale mean score was 14.94±3.31 (min=3, max=20). Results indicated a highly significant, negative relationship between EPDS and BSES mean scores (r=-.680, p<0.001).

Conclusion: Results indicated that breastfeeding self-efficacy scores were low in women who had high depression scores. Nurses and midwives who work in family health care centers are recommended to identify postpartum depression timely and support women’s breastfeeding self-efficacy by helping them to solve this problem.