2018, Cilt 5, Sayı 2, Sayfa(lar) 085-101
The Efficacy of Self-Esteem Promotion Program on the Adolescents Migrated From East and Southeastern Anatolia Regions
1Nuh Naci Yazgan Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Hemşirelik ve Sağlık Hizmetleri Bölümü, Kayseri, Türkiye
2Erciyes Üniversitesi, Sağlık Bilimleri Fakültesi Hemşirelik Bölümü, Kayseri, Türkiye
Keywords: Adolescent, migration, nursing, public health, self-esteem

Aim: This study was conducted as a quasi-experimental study to determine the effect of selfesteem promotion program that developed by using Sister Callista Roy’s adaptation model to increase adaptation of immigrant and nonimmigrant adolescents on their self-esteem levels.

Material and Methods: Adolescents, aged between 13 to 14, who migrated to Kayseri in 5-8 years and live in Kayseri were included in the study. Four groups including two intervention and two control groups were formed. The groups consisted of total 40 immigrant and nonimmigrant adolescents. The self-esteem promotion program was applied separately to two intervention groups. No intervention was applied to the control groups. The sociodemographic characteristics of the groups and the factors affecting their self-esteem were determined through a questionnaire. Self-esteem levels were determined by using “High School Students’ Self-Esteem Inventory” by pre-test, post-test and follow-up measurements.

Results: After self-esteem promotion program, it was found that the mean score of selfesteem was statistically higher in the intervention groups than control groups. There was no significant difference between the mean score of immigrant and nonimmigrant intervention groups.

Conclusion: It is concluded that socio-economic and cultural environment could affect the adaptation of people as much as migration. However, it was found that the self-esteem promotion program had an effect on self-esteem of both immigrant and nonimmigrant adolescents in the intervention groups who share the same environment according to their own pre and post-test mean scores and control groups positively and similarly.